A Biblical Theology of the True Davidic King

As is true with other kings in David’s line, when Solomon ascends to the throne, God declares, “I will be his father, and he will be my son” (2 Sam 7:14; cf. Ps 2:7). That same passage, however, promises to David (ca. 1000 BC) an unending dynasty (2 Sam 7:16). God progressively discloses how this will be fulfilled. Less than three centuries later, the prophet Isaiah foresees a king “on David’s throne” whose “government and peace” will never end and who will be called “Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace” (Isa 9:6 – 7). Other passages closely identify this coming Davidic king, sometimes designated “Messiah,” with God the supreme Shepherd (e.g., Ezek 34:1 – 24). Jesus the Son of God insists that he has received from his Father the command to be the ideal good shepherd (John 10:1 – 18). Mark’s Gospel begins by announcing “Jesus the Messiah [almost certainly referring to the Davidic king], the Son of God” (Mark 1:1), and this is confirmed almost immediately at the baptism of Jesus, “You are my Son, whom I love” (Mark 1:11).


When Mark’s Gospel draws to a close and the centurion who witnesses Jesus’ death exclaims, “Surely this man was the Son of God!” (Mark 15:39), whatever pagan notions the centurion presupposes by the expression, Mark’s readers recognize that Jesus is, at very least, the promised Davidic king, the Messiah. Jesus supremely enters into this kingly role by his resurrection from the dead (Rom 1:3 – 4). When Hebrews 1:5 ties Jesus to the promise of 2 Samuel 7:14, it is not confusing Jesus with Solomon but connecting him through this verse with the trajectory of Davidic kings that finds its promise and culmination in him. This makes him superior to the angels, for only he reigns perfectly in the name of his heavenly Father.

Content adapted from the article “Sonship” by D. A. Carson in the Biblical Theology Study Bible.

For the month of September, Logos is running a sale on the Biblical Theology Study Bible.

Bible Study

More
  • Jesus: Prince of Peace

    Isaiah 9:6-7 For to us a child is born, to us a son is... Read more
  • man holding face in hands

    Why Does God Allow Bad Things To Happen?

    No one knows the mind of God, except for God himself.... Read more
  • What the Bible Tells Us About Luke

    One of the essential qualities of a good doctor is... Read more

Comfort

More
  • Jesus: Prince of Peace

    Isaiah 9:6-7 For to us a child is born, to us a son is... Read more
  • man holding face in hands

    Why Does God Allow Bad Things To Happen?

    No one knows the mind of God, except for God himself.... Read more
  • How Do We Keep the Peace of God in Our Lives?

    Paul tells us to “be anxious for nothing” (Phil.... Read more

Devotional Reading Plans

More
  • Living a Balanced Life

    This 7-day devotional offers reminders of what is most... Read more
  • A Transformed Life

    This 7-day devotional offers inspiring and challenging... Read more
  • Parenting with Grace

    Raising children brings incredible joy and... Read more

Prayer

More
  • Does Anything Prevent God from Answering Our Prayers?

    ... Read more
  • 5 Easy Things You Can Do to Hear the Lord’s Voice More Clearly

    “Hear, O My people, and I will admonish you! O... Read more
  • Understanding the Lord’s Prayer

    He said to them, “When you pray, say: ‘Father,... Read more

SpeakLight

More
  • Romans 8:28 SpeakLight Danny Gokey

    Romans 8:28 / #SpeakLight / Danny Gokey

    And we know that all things work together for good to... Read more
  • James 5:16 - Steven Malcolm

    James 5:16 / #SpeakLight / Steven Malcolm

    Confess your trespasses to one another, and pray for... Read more
  • 2 corinthians 5:17 phil joel

    2 Corinthians 5:17 with Phil Joel

    Therefore, if anyone is in Christ, he is a new... Read more

Spiritual Growth

More
  • A Biblical Theology of the True Davidic King

    As is true with other kings in David’s line, when... Read more
  • Anything You Hold Too Tightly You Will Lose

    Sometimes in this life of faith, God will remove His... Read more
  • King Jesus is Coming

    After Jesus ascended to heaven, the disciples looked... Read more